Samurai Traditional Culture


Hi everyone how’s your day going?  Today’s theme is one of the most popular #Cool Japan”, ”Ninja” (a spy in feudal Japan highly trained in stealth and secrecy), which you might see in the Japanese classic movies.

A big feature of Ninjya is they sometimes disappear with smoke suddenly during the swordfighting or go out of their sight turning somersaults quickly just like Olympic’s gymnasts.

What’s Ninja ?

A ninja was a covert agent or mercenary in feudal Japan. The functions of the ninja included espionage, sabotage, infiltration, assassination and guerrilla warfare.

Their covert methods of waging irregular warfare were deemed dishonorable and beneath the samurai-caste, who observed strict rules about honor and combat.

The ninja proper, a specially trained group of spies and mercenaries, appeared in the 15th century during the Sengoku(belligerent country) period, but antecedents may have existed in the 14th century, and possibly in the 12th century (Heian or early Kamakura era).


In the unrest of the Sengoku period (15th–17th centuries), mercenaries and spies for hire became active in the Iga Province and the adjacent area around the village of Kōga, and it is from the area’s clans that much of our knowledge of the ninja is drawn.

Following the unification of Japan under the Tokugawa shogunate (17th century), the ninja faded into obscurity.

A number of ninja manuals, often based on Chinese military philosophy, were written in the 17th and 18th centuries, most notably the Bansenshukai (1676).

By the time of the Meiji Restoration (1868), the tradition of the ninja had become a topic of popular imagination and mystery in Japan.

Ninja figured prominently in legend and folklore, where they were associated with legendary abilities such as invisibility, walking on water and control over the natural elements.

As a consequence, their perception in popular culture is often based more on such legend and folklore than on the historically accurate spies of the Sengoku period.

Ninja , now recruiting? Is it true?

These days we found an interesting news in the paper saying that the city of Iga in Mie Prefecture denied a rumor in late July 2018 that it was recruiting Ninja performaers.

The city asked people “to be careful about fake news”.
Iga is known as a home of Ninja.

A program said in mid-July that the city was facing a shortage of Ninja performers. It said that they could earn up to $85,000 a year.

Soon the rumor spread on the internet and many people overseas contacted the city about Ninja job.


I wonder from where such a rumor came and I missed an opportunity to apply for the job, in a way, it was a disappontment.

An American ninja in Nagoya

I happened to find an article about the above captioned item in the Japan Times of July 16, 2019, so I’d like to quote them only the main point to the followings.

There are likely very few people alive today who can lay claim to being a professional ninja, but John Patrick Jandernoa is one of them.

While it’s not the kind of profession you’d stumble upon while job hunting in Japan, it was on a whim that the 26-year-old American decided to give it a shot.


Lying in a Kyoto hostel one afternoon while on vacation in 2017, the Michigan-born dancer came to the realization his brief encounter with Japan was quickly drawing to an end.

After multiple attempts to find auditions for trained dancers here on the internet, his mind turned to thoughts of the country’s popular ninja-themed cafes and restaurants, where masked performers — clad head-to-toe in black — amuse patrons with acts of trickery and acrobatics.

Among the top search results was an article about another American, Chris O’Neill, who had joined Hattori Hanzo and the Ninjas, a group of trained performers and acrobats who assume the roles of ninjas to promote tourism in Aichi Prefecture.

Making their debut in 2015, the troupe holds weekend performances at Nagoya Castle, drawing crowds of local visitors and overseas tourists with gravity-defying stunts, martial arts and swordsmanship.

But the only catch was, auditions to join the troupe for the next year had already closed.

“At that time, I couldn’t really speak Japanese that well,” Jandernoa says. “So it (was) probably for the best, but I waited. But ever since that time, I’ve just been studying Japanese and continuing to practice my performance and acrobatics.”

When auditions rolled around at the end of last year, Jandernoa successfully battled it out against 20 international applicants for a spot as one of the five ninjas in the Hattori Hanzo troupe. (The original Hanzo was a famous samurai who lived from 1542 to 1596 and who is referred to in many forms of pop culture.)

“I’m still the new member, and I still have a lot to learn,” Jandernoa says. “I think what has really been helpful is my background in dance, having the ability to pick up and learn new choreography. We have a little bit of dance choreography in our show, but also a lot of stage combat.”

Tapping into the past: John Patrick Jandernoa has had to learn to move like a ninja for his new job, but he has also had to learn the skills of a modern-day media personality by making TV appearances and interacting with fans.

When Jandernoa dons his shinobi shōzoku (traditional ninja clothing) for a performance, he leaves behind his identity and assumes the character of Satori, who, like Jandernoa, was born in the United States, but around the 16th century during Japan’s Warring States period, widely heralded as the height of ninja activity.

Satori flees his home after experiencing a betrayal and makes his way to Japan where he is trained in the art of ninjutsu, the traditional discipline of ninja warfare.

Local governments and tourism organizations have been riding the wave of endless fascination with the stealthy feudal warriors, which still resonates with visitors both at home and abroad.

In a promotional stunt at the end of last year, petitioners dressed in ninja costumes “sneaked” into the office of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to request his support in promoting ninja culture to tourists during the 2019 Rugby World Cup and the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

Tourism boards and local companies across the country have already found, however, there is no shortage of creative ways to tap into the ninja legend.

Earlier this year, flight personnel and cleaning crew at Chubu airport in Tokoname, Aichi Prefecture, dressed up in ninja attire as part of a local promotional campaign for National Ninja Day on Feb. 22.

Last year, a Yokohama taxi company launched Ninja de Taxi, a service where drivers, clad in black and sporting origami shuriken (star-shaped throwing daggers), chauffeur their passengers to their destinations.

For many people overseas, the ninja remains defined by pop culture and Hollywood myth — an image sometimes supported by Japanese tourism campaigns — rather than historical accuracy.

While such stereotypes can spark initial interest in the culture, Jandernoa is hoping he can help separate fact from fiction.


Like most American teens growing up in the 1990’s, his first encounter with ninja culture as a child was via “Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.” Suffice to say, his understanding has changed substantially since then.

“I’ve been studying about actual ninjas, and learning the difference between what my prior image of a ninja was versus what a real ninja is,” he says.

What he hopes to channel most in his performances, though, is the ninja mindset: “It’s the attitude of doing whatever it takes to succeed in a mission, never giving up, and always having that fiery determination to keep moving forward and be disciplined.”

Since landing the role, Jandernoa has adopted a training ritual that, from a layperson’s point of view, looks nearly as rigorous and physically demanding as that of the historical ninjas he depicts on stage.

Initially, he trained for hours every day to be able to execute his swordsmanship and acrobatic stunts in a way that is historically faithful.

“It was pretty intense, especially the first few weeks,” he recalls. “Now that I’ve actually had my debut, it’s a little bit more hectic.”

Flipping out: John Patrick Jandernoa has been able to use the skills he learned as a dancer in the ninja stage show he acts in

Arguably, however, some of Jandernoa’s biggest fans aren’t in Japan but back home in Michigan.

“All of my friends and family were very supportive and happy to hear that I was adventuring to Japan to pursue my dreams,” he says. “They all had faith in me and told me that I would succeed.”

While his friends and family have yet to see Jandernoa in action as Satori, they’re hoping to make the visit to watch him kick his career goals, as well as a few ninja enemies along the way.

In the end, I would like to send cheers for his future success.

I also would like you to visit “Ninja University Grants First-ever Ninja Studies Degree“, thanks

About the author

古林 茂樹(Shigeki Furubayashi )